It weighs about 720 kg per cubic metre and is widely used for furniture framing and carcase construction, flooring and engineering purposes, in plywood and in household items like plates, but rarely as a decorative wood. The European beech has been described by many experts as the finest specimen tree available. [3] The nuts are edible, though bitter (though not nearly as bitter as acorns) with a high tannin content, and are called beechnuts or beechmast. It is used in the construction and furniture industry. [2][3] The Engleriana subgenus is found only in East Asia, and is notably distinct from the Fagus subgenus in that these beeches are low-branching trees, often made up of several major trunks with yellowish bark. Beech fruits are called beechnuts and are contained in pairs within a spiky capsule that splits into four parts. Hoboken: Wiley, 2006. https://www.thespruce.com/european-beech-growing-profile-3269265 The bark is smooth and light grey. Beech timber is suitable for a variety of purposes, including fuel, furniture, cooking utensils, tool handles and sports equipment. In the early 19th century the oil from the tree was used for cooking and to fuel lamps. Beech woodland provides an important habitat for many butterflies, particularly in open glades and along woodland rides. They have a round, pronounced crown, which is characterized by a regular shape. As the name suggests, the European Beech is native to Europe. Other areas which have a long history of cultivation, Bulgaria for example, do not exhibit this pattern, so how much human activity has influenced the spread of beech trees is as yet unclear.[12]. Genus of flowering plants in the family Fagaceae, This article is about the genus of trees. Inconspicuous light brown flower that appears with the leaf shoots. A beech hedge that is trimmed will retain its foliage in winter, creating an opaque screen. Image of isolated, seed, fruit - 35645741 They are produced in spring shortly after the new leaves appear. Further differentiating characteristics include the whitish bloom on the underside of the leaves, the visible tertiary leaf veins, and a long, smooth cupule-peduncle. The European species Fagus sylvatica yields a utility timber that is tough but dimensionally unstable. Greek φηγός is from the same root, but the word was transferred to the oak tree (e.g. Beeches are monoecious, bearing both male and female flowers on the same plant. The beechnuts are slightly toxic. Dawyck Purple Leaved beech (Fagus sylvatica'Dawyck Purple'): A narrow tree reaching 30 to 40 feet high and 10 to 12 feet wide with purple foliage. The timber can be used to build chalets, houses, and log cabins. Its hardness, wear-resistance, strength, and excellent bending capabilities—coupled with its low price—make this hardwood a mainstay for many European woodworkers. Beech trees are deciduous plants that are classified as the Fagus genus and are in the Fagaceae family of plants. Their coloration is gray or silver-gray, along the branches in dark red-brown. The flowers are small and single-sex (monoecious), the female flowers are carried in pairs, the male flowers are wind-pollinating catkins, produced in spring shortly after the new leaves appear. Their scale-like shell … The flowers of the beech appear with the leaf shoots. Beech ashes were used to make soap. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. Since the beech tree has such delicate bark, carvings, such as lovers' initials and other forms of graffiti, remain because the tree is unable to heal itself. They emerge deep reddish-purple in spring and darken to burgundy purple as the season progresses. A strong vertical element in the landscape, Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck Purple' (European Beech) is a magnificent, medium-sized, deciduous tree of columnar habit with broadly elliptic, lustrous, dark purple leaves. Though not a street tree, the tree makes one of the finest specimens of all those available in North America for large scale landscapes. overview leaves | overview blossoms | overview fruit | overview trunk | overview winter | overview trees, back to trees by common name | trees by botanical name | conifers by common name | conifers by botanical name | German: baumportal.de, © Jost Benning  | Imprint | jowaca digital solutions. It most commonly occurs as an overstory component in the northern part of its range with sugar maple, transitioning to other forest types further south such as beech-magnolia. early agricultural practices. Spiky fruit capsule with two beechnuts. Pioneers used beech leaves to stuff mattresses. As a solitary tree, however, the beech has numerous branches and grows expansive. Denk, Thomas with Guido Grimm, K. Stogerer, M. Langer, Vera Hemleben 2002. The male inflorescences are long petiolate and hemispherical, each two female flowers are contained in a green, short-stalked shell. Individuals can grow to 35 m. [26] In modern German, the word for "book" is Buch, with Buche meaning "beech tree". [3], The better known Fagus subgenus beeches are high-branching with tall, stout trunks and smooth silver-grey bark. Recent classifications recognize 10 to 13 species in two distinct subgenera, Engleriana and Fagus. Fagus sylvatica, commonly known as European beech, beech, European beech, common beech, oriental beech, copper beech is a deciduous tree belonging to the beech family Fagaceae. It is a photoautotroph. Beech leaves have pronounced lateral nerves that extend from each side of the main rib. ! Erfahrungsberichte zu Beech fruit analysiert. [11] The tallest and longest hedge in the world (according to Guinness World Records) is the Meikleour Beech Hedge in Meikleour, Perth and Kinross, Scotland. Spiky fruit capsule with two beechnuts. Forest Ecology and Management 259:2204-2212. European beech is often called the finest specimen tree available, with green or purple foliage, dense shade, colorful fall foliage, and attractive architecture, both upright and weeping, and bark. The European beech (Fagus sylvatica… Beech wood is used for the stocks of military rifles when traditionally preferred woods such as walnut are scarce or unavailable or as a lower-cost alternative.[22]. Often confused with 'Laciniata'. Bradshaw, R.H.W. The populations in this area represent a range of often overlapping morphotypes, and genetic analysis does not clearly support separate species.[5]. While fresh, these fungi (apologies for the liberal interpretation of ‘fruits and vegetables’) are relatively mild, but the taste increases in strength through drying. Often bright cork warts can be seen. With dozens of cultivars (see our Copper Beech Tree guide), European beech also will remain good-natured if you pleach, clip, or train it as a topiary. The oxalic acid content can be reduced by heating. 2005. 150,992,716 stock photos online. Beech grows on a wide range of soil types, acidic or basic, provided they are not waterlogged. [8] The beech is classified as a native in the south of England and as a non-native in the north where it is often removed from 'native' woods. 27 September 2012. Today, beech is widely planted for hedging and in deciduous woodlands, and mature, regenerating stands occur throughout mainland Britain at elevations below about 650 m (2,100 ft). European Beech Fruit Beechnuts have a sweet flavor but are now seldom eaten except locally in poorer areas of Europe . Other articles where European beech is discussed: beech: …eastern North America, and the European beech (F. sylvatica), distributed throughout England and Eurasia, are the most widely known species. Many translated example sentences containing "beech fruit" – French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Between March and April the buds of the beech shoot out, they are narrow and run pointed to. Their scale-like shell consists of small leaves, which are arranged opposite each other. European Beech Trees: A Field Guide. ! European Beech Lumber sapwood is difficult to differentiate from the heartwood. hayatae. Beech Tree Trivia Facts. Print. Lawrence, Gale. [13], Beech bark disease is a fungal infection that attacks the American beech through damage caused by scale insects. Beech wood can also be used well as firewood because it has a low water content (wood moisture. Joemarie 4 months ago How do beech wood fair with other woods in terms of flame spread index. The fruit of the beech tree, known as beechnuts or mast, is found in small burrs that drop from the tree in autumn. Other common names common beech European beech . Möchten Sie stets über die neuesten Techniken und technologischen Entwicklungen in Ihrem Fachgebiet informiert sein? - Interesting Earth", "Three objectives of historical ecology: the case of litter collecting in Central European forests", "Soil carbon pools in Swiss forests show legacy effects from historic forest litter raking", "Reconstructing European forest management from 1600 to 2010", "Consequence of litter removal on pedogenesis: A case study in Bachs and Irchel (Switzerland)", International Federation of Building and Wood Workers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beech&oldid=995763885, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 19:41. 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