However, on the final expedition that year, the then deepest wreck dive by a woman was made by Kevin's wife, Mirja, on Atlanta. Vintage 1/500 scale original teacher ID recognition model USS Atlanta Class Cruiser by Comet. His ship was badly battered, largely powerless, down by the head and listing slightly to port, and a third of his crew was dead or missing. 15 minutes later, Atlanta led the three auxiliaries north with the destroyers in a circle around the disposition. With the end of World War II, cruisers began to fade away, especially as guided missiles emerged and submarines became more of a threat. Authorized by Commander, South Pacific Forces, to act at his own discretion regarding the destruction of the ship, Jenkins ordered that Atlanta be abandoned and sunk with a demolition charge. Atlanta was heavily damaged by Japanese and friendly gunfire in a night surface action on 13 November 1942 during the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal. During the voyage, a "Betty" bomber neared the disposition, and one of the two surviving 5 in (127 mm) mounts—which was powered by a diesel generator—fired and drove it off. Sorry, I love the pictures. The cruiser and her consorts continued to screen those ships, designated TG 62.4, as they lay off Lunga Point on 12 November unloading supplies and disembarking troops.[3]. American scout planes spotted the Japanese forces on the morning of 23 August. Profile USS Brooklyn off Mare Island NyD 1942 -Cdts. … Deck: 1.25 in (31.75 mm). Because Atlanta was able to bring all her guns to bear only within that narrow arc, her ability to engage surface targets was limited. The firing arcs of the forward and aft batteries intersected at a very limited angle, giving her an arc of 60° in which she could fire all of her guns broadside (excluding the wing mounts). [3] As Atlanta began moving to resume her station ahead of San Francisco, the Japanese destroyer Akatsuki illuminated the light cruiser. [citation needed], In the following years, Denlay and Tysall mounted several larger expeditions to survey Atlanta, exploring and videoing the wreck in detail to a depth of 130 m (427 ft) at the bow. In terms of armament, the Atlanta class was closer to a destroyer, being armed with 5-inch guns, than a light cruiser, which were generally equipped with 6-inch guns; but at well over 500 feet (152 m) in length, and combined with their large battery of sixteen 5-inch (127 mm) guns (reduced to twelve in number for later ships of the class), they were designated as light cruisers. At about 0920, Atlanta led the three auxiliaries to the north in column, with the destroyers spaced in a circle around them. The other six were deactivated shortly after the war and were scrapped in the 1960s. [2], The ships were originally designed for 26 officers and 523 men, but this increased to 35 officers and 638 men with the first four ships, and 45 officers and 766 men with the second group of four ships beginning with Oakland. The original main gun battery of the Atlanta-class was composed of eight dual 5 inch/38 caliber (127 mm) gun mounts (8x2 5-inch guns). However, they did manage to dive one of the two other, deepest diveable wrecks; the Japanese transport Azumasan Maru, which is almost 90 m (295 ft) deep at the stern and Sasako Maru, which Denlay dived in 1995 at over 90 m (295 ft) in the collapsed debris field of the bridge. She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. Atlanta Class War Records Atlanta was assigned to CruDiv 10 in the Atlantic as flagship on completion, then went to the Pacific for CruDiv 11, also as flagship. Atlanta lost all but auxiliary diesel power, suffered the interruption of her gunfire, and had to shift steering control to the steering engine room aft. Atlanta participated as an anti-aircraft cruiser in the decisive American victory at the Battle of Midway in June 1942 before she was sent south to fight in the Solomon Islands. White circles show AA guns. A complete list of all US Navy Cruisers, by type and class, in commission during WWII. As designed An hour before midnight, Callaghan's ships reversed course and headed westward. Today, the United States Navy has the most cruisers with 22 Ticonderoga-class vessels in service. She was the third Navy ship named after the city of Atlanta, Georgia. TF 16 arrived at Pearl on 26 May. They were also known as the Atlanta / Oakland -class. [5][6], All eight ships in this class served during World War II, and six ships survived the war. [3], Despite the heavy antiaircraft fire, Enterprise took one hit and suffered some shrapnel damage from an estimated five near hits. One "Betty", crippled by antiaircraft fire, crashed into the after superstructure of San Francisco, inflicting the only damage on the force. Assigned then to Rear Admiral Willis A. Lee's TF 64, the ship sailed after dark that same day to resume operations covering the ongoing efforts to secure Guadalcanal. [3], The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal by Robert Ballard and The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal: Night Action 13 November 1942 by James Grace, Entry for 12–13 November: First Naval Battle of Guadalcanal on both, The Path From Guadalcanal by Michiharu Shinya and The Lost Ships of Guadalcanal by Robert Ballard, "US Cruisers List: US Light/Heavy/AntiAircraft Cruisers, Part 2", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, http://www.combinedfleet.com/ikazuc_t.htm, http://www.combinedfleet.com/inazum_t.htm, http://www.combinedfleet.com/akatsu_t.htm, http://www.advanceddivermagazine.com/ezinefreearticles/Guadalcanal.pdf, http://www.divenewzealand.com/index.asp?s1=dive-articles&id=106, "Return to the USS Atlanta: Defender of Guadalcanal", U.S.S. The USS Juneau (CL-52) was also heavily damaged in surface combat in the same battle and then sunk by Japanese submarine I-26, on 13 November 1942. Enterprise then launched a strike group shortly thereafter, completing the evolution at 1706. When? Though almost all of the shells passed through the thin skin of the ship without detonating, scattering green dye, fragments from their impact killed many men, including Admiral Scott and members of his staff. Becoming part of TF 17 on 23 September, the light cruiser was detached the following day to proceed in company with Washington, Walke and Benham to Tongatapu, which she reached on 26 September. Designed to provide anti-aircraft protection for US naval task groups, Atlanta served in this capacity in the naval battles Midway and the Eastern Solomons. Both were sunk in surface combat during the Guadalcanal Campaign. The ship was smaller, lighter, and faster than your normal cruiser and was given a large compliment of smaller arms specifically designed for anti-aircraft operations. Atlanta was heavily damaged by Japanese and friendly … USS Atlanta (CL-104) of the United States Navy was a Cleveland -class light cruiser during World War II. Trumpeter is ranked #1 out of 9 cruiser world war ii ship models manufacturers, followed by Tamiya , and Academy Plastics . Atlanta shifted her main battery to fire at the enemy destroyer, opening fire at a range of about 1,600 yd (1,463 m) and, along with other US ships that concentrated on Akatsuki's searchlights, overwhelmed the destroyer. The cruiser was sunk on her captain's orders in the afternoon of the same day. [3], Atlanta again sailed with TF 16 on the morning of 28 May. 16 × 5 in (127 mm)/38 cal guns In the late 1930s, the U.S. and Royal navies built small cruisers armed with dual-purpose guns: … [citation needed] Despite being under-armored for light cruisers, they had thicker armor than destroyers, which were notoriously underprotected. More of these weapons were added as the war progressed to counter the danger of Japanese air attacks (especially kamikazes). Oakland group (CL 95-99) [3], Screening the carriers as they launched air strikes to support the initial landings on 7–8 August, Atlanta remained there until the withdrawal of the carrier task forces on 9 August. Atlanta operated in TF 64, along with Washington, San Francisco, Helena and two destroyers, as the opposing forces engaged in the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands on 26 October. Atlanta Photograph Collection, 1942, List of cruisers of the United States Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1942, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=USS_Atlanta_(CL-51)&oldid=988180872, World War II cruisers of the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 16:25. [3], Helena's radar picked up the first contact at a range of 26,000 yd (13 nmi). The Pensacola class - Duration: 7:40. navyreviewer 16,945 views. Ultimately, at 20:15 on 13 November 1942, Atlanta sank 3 mi (5 km) west of Lunga Point in about 400 ft (120 m) of water. The lead ship of this class, the USS Atlanta (CL-51), was laid down on 22 April 1940 and launched on 6 September 1941. On 16 May, she joined Vice Admiral William F. Halsey's Task Force 16 (TF 16), formed around the aircraft carriers Enterprise and Hornet, as it steamed back to Pearl Harbor, having been summoned back to Hawaiian waters in response to an imminent Japanese thrust in the direction of Midway Atoll. Atlanta and Juneau class light antiaircraft cruisers (CLAA) Atlanta, Juneau I, et al were light, antiaircraft cruisers with sixteen! Her name was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 13 January 1943. Boats from Guadalcanal came out to take her most critically wounded. Michiharu Shinya, Akatsuki's Chief Torpedo Officer, one of her few survivors, was rescued the next day by US forces and spent the rest of the war in a New Zealand prisoner of war camp. [11], Atlanta was awarded five battle stars for her World War II service and a Presidential Unit Citation for her "heroic example of invincible fighting spirit" in the battle off Guadalcanal on 13 November 1942. The American ships opened fire soon after, putting up a barrage that downed "several" planes. The first of the new class of ships was laid down on 22 April 1940 at Kearny, New Jersey, by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., launched on 6 September 1941, sponsored by Margaret Mitchell (author of Gone with the Wind), and commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 24 December 1941, Captain Samuel P. Jenkins in command. All eight ships in this class served during World War II, and six ships survived the war. Denlay's last visit to the wreck was in 2002 using a closed circuit rebreather or CCR, the first CCR dive on Atlanta. What seemed perfectly reasonable in 1939 was obsolete and often unusable in 1945. Although not designed for surface combat against heavy units, both Atlanta and Juneau were desperately thrown into the First Battle of Guadalcanal. [4], After the war, the six surviving ships in this class were decommissioned between 1947 and 1949 and placed in the reserve fleet. [3], The abrupt end of the air attack gave Atlanta and her colleagues only a brief respite, however, for trouble approached from yet another quarter. Links to individual pages giving description, history, and photo. In addition, the aft battery also had one "wing-mounted" mount on each side, for a total of 16 five-inch guns. The Navy has 22 Ticonderoga-class cruisers (CG-52 through CG-73) in active service, as of the end of 2015. [3], On 15 July 1942, Atlanta, again in TF 16, sailed for Tongatapu. The unique armament of the Atlanta-class did not contribute to their loss. Initially there were not enough intermediate anti-aircraft guns (i.e. Unfortunately, strong ocean currents and poor visibility prevented the expedition from thoroughly exploring Atlanta. A Japanese surface force, made up of two battleships, one cruiser and six destroyers, was detected steaming south toward Guadalcanal to shell Henderson Field. Over the days that followed, she screened the carriers as they operated northeast of Midway in anticipation of the enemy's arrival. Atlanta did so a minute later, training her guns at planes headed for the gap in the screen between San Francisco and Buchanan. navsource.org. A little over an hour later, at 1050, Atlanta received word of another incoming Japanese air raid. Overall command rested with RADM Richmond K. Turner. 1.1 in guns, Bofors 40 mm and the Oerlikon 20 mm rapid-fire cannons). Due to the uniqueness of the Alaska-class design, these ships were not classified “CA” as typical for heavy cruisers, but instead “CB” for large cruiser.Also, as a nod to their not-quite-battleship, not-quite-cruiser roots, instead of being named after US states or cities, the ships were named after US territories with the USS Alaska (CB-1) being the first. She then proceeded, in company with her screen, to Espiritu Santo, where she arrived on the afternoon of 31 October. Atlanta class light cruisers (1941) USA (1941-44) USS Atlanta, Juneau, San Diego, San Juan, Oakland, Reno, Flint, Tucson. [3], Throughout the day on 24 August, Atlanta received enemy contact reports and screened Enterprise as she launched a strike group to attack the Japanese carriers. The La Galissonniere class of six cruisers represented the best French light cruiser design. When I-26 torpedoed Saratoga on 31 August, the light cruiser screened the stricken flagship as Minneapolis rigged a towline and began taking her out of danger. Board has some damage as seen. Even had sufficient salvage facilities been available, he allowed, the severe damage she had taken would have made it difficult to save the ship. On 29 July, as all preparations proceeded for the invasion of Guadalcanal, Atlanta was assigned to TF 61. The Atlanta-class cruisers were eight United States Navy light cruisers originally designed as fast scout cruisers or flotilla leaders, but later proved to be effective anti-aircraft cruisers during World War II. Dr. Ballard was famous for leading the expeditions that discovered RMS Titanic and the German battleship Bismarck. The first purpose built anti-aircraft cruiser was the British Dido class, completed shortly … Adjudged to be "ready for distant service" on 31 March, the new cruiser departed New York for the Panama Canal Zone on 5 April. Fast and heavily armed, the Baltimore cruisers were mainly used in World War II … [3] At about that time, at least one torpedo plowed into Atlanta's forward engine room from the port side, fired almost certainly by either Inazuma or Ikazuchi[5] (Akatsuki's destroyer consorts). Atlanta was commissioned at the New York Navy Yard on 24 December 1941, just a few weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor of 7 December. The "bogeys", 27 Mitsubishi G4M "Bettys" from Rabaul, closed, sighted bearing west by north, approaching from over Cape Esperance in a very loose "V" formation. TG 67.4 departed Lunga Point about 1800 and steamed eastward through Sealark Channel, covering the withdrawal of TG 67.1. 7:40. Time left: d. h. m. s. day. Squadrons from the American carriers sought out the Japanese, and during that day, planes from Yorktown and Enterprise inflicted mortal damage on four irreplaceable enemy aircraft carriers. 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