The Cruiser. It used a Welin breech block, with Hydro-pneumatic recoil also found on the famous “75 mm Modèle 1897”. This category is for cruisers designed, built, or operated by France during World War I (1914–1918). The French recognised the previous HMS Vulcan’s failure as the inability of its midget TBs to deal with the heavy weather of the north sea, and thought the Mediterranean better suited for the concept, but their experiment fell under the same predicament. Technical specifications Displacement: 3,962t – 3,890 tonnes (Cassard and Du Chayla) standard Dimensions: 96.14 x 13.67 x 6.25 m Propulsion: 2 shaft VTE, 20 boilers, 10,000 hp, 20 knots. She was stricken in 1921 but not BU before 1933. Armament relied, as above, on the trusted 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 naval gun, but also in a quad configuration. The deck guns had 2-in shields. They made several suggestions to improve the design, as enlarging the hull and adding four 65 mm/50 Modèle 1902 high-angle (AA) guns, deleting the mainmast, reducing shafts to two. French Cruisers have paper armor, seriously like 15mm, you can be penned by DD HE it's that bad. A formidable counterpart for the future Normandie and Lyon anyway. More impressive were the Lyon class battleships which added a quadruple turret (four total) to the design and reached a 30,000 tons weight. They were started in 1897-98 and completed in 1903-04, 5-6 years of construction. Lahire was a training ship for Toulon’s gunners, and patrolled the Mediterranean. Thick military masts were fitted as designed, but they were replaced to improve their stability by light masts. The M1887 went to the first battleships built for the French Navy, the cruiser the Dupuy-de-Lôme and five units of the Amiral Charner class. The Pothuau was given the 1893 model, in the same layout. Anti-TB armament comprised two 47 mm (2 in) QF and 3-pounder Hotchkiss guns (37 mm) of the same dependable model mounted on other ships. As consequence shipyards were soon emptied and constructions halted. a “torpedoboat carrier”. The Troude – University Library of Congress, Washington (cc), Protected cruiser Chasseloup Laubat LOC 4a15950v (CC). She returned to the eastern Mediterranean, shelling Bodrum. Torpedoed in action with raider Greif on 29 February 1916. The formula was never repeated; The hull had a cofferdam and cellular layer between the armoured deck and upper decks to limit water damage. There are a total of [ 16 ] WW2 French Warships and Submarines (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. After a major restructuring plan it was cut down to three. Armament ranged from 42 to 56 guns, but after modifications, 24 to 36 mostly 6.4 in M1860 and 5.5 in RML. Protected/ Heavy Cruisers It was generously provided with revolver guns, of 3-pdr and 1-pdr. The main guns were in midship sponsons (plus three more 3.9 in) the rest of the 3.9 in were on the forecastle, poop aft, and one in the bow. de la Gironde (Protet) in 1894/96 and launched in 1896/98, completed in 1898/99, these cruisers were near-repeats of the Descartes class (derived from the Friant design). Their career was very active though. These five ships derived from Gueydon which they took again many characteristics. -Dupleix was present in Indochina since 1910 and participated in the Von Spee squadron’s hunt in 1914, capturing German vessels. Kléber in the U.S. before the First World War. Challenger class third class protected cruisers HMS Challenger, Encounter Laid down 1900-1901, completed 1904-1905. Lighter, they were more powerful at 7500 vs 5000 ihp but did not reached more than 22 knots. “La Jeanne” in 1900 as built and in Grey livery in wartime. They walked mainly with coal, but had a reserve of 80 tons of fuel oil. They are not integrated into the main count of “cruisers” and were only a ten-years fad, soon eclipsed by faster torpedo boat destroyers. They were designed as long range ships for distant stations. Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! With such armor, secondary armament (even lighter) and heavy battery no doubt these ships would have been formidable opponents for any navy of the day. Cassard spend her WW1 service in the western Mediterranean ad the red sea but in 1917 she operated with the Indian ocean squadron. The Marseillaise became a training ship for gunners in 1925 and was demolished in 1929. Tumblehome and plough bows: It is also typical of French cruisers of that era to have very pronounced ram bows, “plough bows”. Armor: Turrets 120 mm, decks 20-25 mm Crew: 604 Armament: 2 x 162, 6 x 140, 10 x 47, 5 x 37 mm. This led to three designs, and one by Gille, which was submitted in 1913. 8× 370mm, 28× 138.6mm M1910, 4× 450mm (18 in) TTs, Belt 260?, turrets 250?, blockhaus 240?, barbettes 230? The 65 mm guns were placed in eight barbettes and the remainder were located on the battery bridge. Small station cruisers with fine lines and plough bows. The drawback though, was a tendency in heavy weather for the ship to “plough” in waves, which was dangerously wet. The French Sfax was launched the same year, and all-metal, like following cruisers. She was left unmodified, placed in reserve, disarmed in 1932 and scrapped afterwards. Technical specifications Displacement: 7900t. She had a secondary armament against torpedo boats , 16 guns moref 65 mm guns, receiving during the war several AA guns. Auxiliary Cruisers WWI ( first date is commissioning and second is date of return to owners or loss ) : Alcantara - 10 March 1915. The Dupleix class also included the Desaix and Kléber. This QF gun was an international success story, by an American which created his company in France and was made famous for his guns and machine guns, competitors of Vickers own products. She was stricken from service in 110. All three will be covered in detail when examining the French Navy in 1895. The French Navy was just one of the major superpowers of World War 1 to showcase a powerful sea-going force. After a long overhaul in 1916, he was sent the 4th squadron of Eastern Indian cruisers then escorted convoys in the Atlantic. It was 3.4 meters (11 ft 2 in) long, with a barrel length of 3.2 meters (10 ft 6 in), 50 caliber, and fired a Fixed QF shell weighting 4 kilograms (8 lb 13 oz). See also: http://www.archeosousmarine.net/quinet.php. One of the last French cruiser-cruisers, the Renan, designed by Emile Bertin, came directly from Gambetta-class ships, such as the Michelet (1905). Their career during the Great War and after was quite rich: The Gueydon was employed on escort missions in the Atlantic, but was also part of the Indochina squadron, and sent to the Arctic and Baltic to support the whites in 1919 -1920. Gille’s design was called “cuirassé-croiseur” instead of the reverse “croiseur cuirassé”, the usual denomination for armored cruisers, now obsolete. Another photo, forward view, showing the modified bridge (http://ecole.nav.traditions.free.fr/jeannedarc.htm). The book discusses the design histories of all the French battleships from 1890 through the projected designs of 1913 - 1914. In Total, the French would deliver 21 of these torpedo ships, versus 33 “torpedo gunboats” for the Royal Navy. These two funneled ships also had two light masts able to carry sloop sails as auxiliaries, but not the Surcouf, apparently fitted with military masts. It is established this smaller caliber (compared to the mainstream 152 mm/6 in) had less punch but were faster-firing. Armoured Cruiser. The 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns were the same already made by Schneider-Creusot for the Bretagne and future Normandie class. The other two were disarmed in 1920 and 1926. She was stricken in 1922. The Ferry had a career without notable incidents and was retired in 1927. Outside the Sully, which struck a reef in Indochina on September 30, 1905, and sank body and property, the three others served in the Atlantic and Admiral Aube in the Mediterranean. It was a far cry of the 12 ships initially planned. Instead of a raked bow, the designer choosed a simpler straight stem while the hull shapes were traditional. Outstanding! Besides this, Admiral Boué de Lapeyrière, in charge of the French ministry of the Navy, wrote and published the Statut Naval (Naval Law) on 30 March 1912, with an ambitious naval program, which not only stroke definitely earlier experiments of the “Young school” but managed to confirm the effort engaged since 1905 in built homogeneous class of ships (notably the République and Patrie battleships). She carried 925 tonnes of coal. 93.3 x 12.9 x 6.5m) fitted with two shafts VTE, 16 Belleville boilers for 8500 ihp and 19.5 knots. All the other ships were built and involved during WW2 more or less heavily (except T2, which was a WWI cruiser). The propulsion system was little innovatove as well, and did not used turbines, but instead proven VTE engines, fed by twelve boilers. However her guns has been requisitions by the army at that time, she was left with two 164 mm, four 75 mm and four 47 mm guns. Each shaft was connected by a high, medium and low-pressure turbine. Soon the French devised their first idea of a Battlecruiser, which will revolved through Gilles and Durant-Viel studies. Durant-Viel’s type A internal arrangement scheme. Laid down in 1905 and 1906 they were launched in 1907-08 they were completed in 1911. Many cruisers of this era could also potentially carry 120 mines. mm, Decks 80? Armament was the same but with the two sponsons closer together. She survived until 1920 in this role before being delivered to the scrapyard. Better french alternative for AA Europe 1940 The better version for French cruisers to use in A&A 1940 Europe since the WW2 cruisers looks similar to their destroyers and … The D’Assas, Cassard and Du Chayla were very similar to the Friant class, to the exception of their CT protected by 4-in armour, the armoured deck (flat) was 2.8 in and slopes 3.2 in. There was also a 1-in thick conning tower in between the two funnels where the bridge was located. mm, Decks 80? These were 13,847 to 13,995 long tons (14,069 to 14,220 t) comparable to the German Blücher and British Warrior class. Jauréguiberry then joined the Dardanelles Division for operations against the Ottoman Empire, including supporting the Landing at Cape Helles in April 1915. Suchet was discarded in 1906. They made in numbers and quick-firing what lacked in caliber (340 mm versus 380 to 406 mm at that stage) with a full broadside of 16 guns per ship. The class included Glory, Conde, Admiral Aube, Marseillaise and Sully. Casabianca and Cassini were rebuilt in 1911-12 as minelayers, and were replaced in that role by Pluton and Cerbere in 1913. The Guichen was started in 1895 at the Loire NyD and completed in 1899. These were all built at FC chanters de la Méditerranée except for Ste-Barbe and Salve, at Claparède, launched 1885-86 and completed in 1887-90 and discarded in 1906 to 1911. mm. She was armed with five 7.6 in RML (180 mm), four in sponsons, one axial, five 5.5 in, ten 1-pdr Revolver and for the first time, two underwater torpedo tubes. T3, T8 and T9 are paper ships, with T9 a paper ship that would have gone into production if France hadn't been invaded in 1940. The four others, Flandre, Gascoigne, Languedoc, and Normandie has been launched in October 1914 to may 1916 but were broken up after the war. 22.5 knots. Too few or ill-adapted for a battleline, they were thought for commerce raiding first, as Plan Z never materialized. None of the Duquesne, Lyon, Lille, and Tourville designed by M.Doyere had been laid down when the war broke out, although they had been planned to be started in late 1914 by Brest, La Seyne, St Nazaire and Lorient yards. She was eventually resold to the Belgians in 1920 and was used as a freighter under the name of… Peruvian after a radical new overhaul. All but the Aréthuse has a clipper bow; The last unprotected French cruiser was the Milan, a 1,700 tons narrow cruiser and forerunner of the protected Forbin and Troude classes (1884). Technical specifications Displacement: 5,374 tonnes, 6,200 tonnes Fully loaded Dimensions: 110 x 15.30 x 6.5 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 18 Belleville boilers, 10,000 hp., 19 knots. It consisted of four ships originally: Admiral Charner, Bruix, Chanzy, and Latouche-Tréville, launched in 1892-94 and commissioned in 1894-96. The next Wattignies class (1893) were similar except for less width, more draught, and more displacement, 4000 ihp for 18.5 knots, Six 3-pdr instead of four and four 1-pdr. The last French armoured cruisers, and by far the most imposing, the two Quinet (the second being the Waldeck-Rousseau) were both a synthesis of the experience gained and an additional milestone in the genre. Top speed as designed was not blistering even for 1913, targeted at 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph). They were slighlty longer and larger (96.14 x 16.67 x 6.25 m), faster at 20 knots thanks to 10,000 ihp produced by 20 Lagrafel d’Allest boilers mated on two shafts VTE. Technical specifications Displacement: 8150t. As in other navies, these torpedo tubes were gradually removed, as not practical and potential sources of water spills. Back in Lorient she as disarmed to carry and operated ASW seaplanes and was discarded in 1920. In 1913, some Naval College students submitted several cheaper fast capital ships with 27,500 tons in displacement to the Admiralty. The Germans scrapped her. FL Dimensions: 145.4 x 19.4 x 8.10 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE 36 DuTemple boilers 33,000 hp. Photomanipulation showing the Type B as she could have been in 1940. They were smaller than Joan of Arc, equipped with more modern weaponry, and faster. She was also the onl non-sailing French cruiser, but soon protected cruisers became the norm. You can post above average damage and still lose because the last ships will run you down and pen you to … Technical specifications Displacement: 2,285 tons FL dimensions: 100.63 (98) x 10.62 (10.97) x 5.44 m (Galilée) Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 16 Belleville boilers (Linois 6 cyl. It was though that this pear shape allowed to reduce the weight of the upper deck, making the vessel more seaworthy and allowing to make it a bit taller as well, with a greater freeboard. The whole raison d’être for the Jeune école (‘Young school’) was to compensate the disadvantage of the French Navy in battleships, using new tactics and innovation in naval warfare (ie, torpedoes, mines). Returned 20 December 1919. Forbin’s engines were converted to mixed oil/coal boilers and eight 3-pdr guns were installed. “Some French Fast Battleships That Might Have Been” Specs Conway’s all the world fighting ships 1906-1921. Despite careful maintenance, their machinery was worn out in 1914 and top speed was usually 15-16 knots. There was a great gap (as seen earlier) in construction from the Quinet class in 1907, until 1923 (The Primauguet class), a bit like in the US Navy. Léon Gambetta, from War of the Nations, New York Times Co., New York, 1919. mm. The gun was also licenced built by Obukhov in Russia, Skoda for the Austro-Hungarian navy and Elswick Ordnance Company for export, reaching many navies, including the IJN (Imperial Japanese Navy). However, the main battery turrets being quite heavy, this imposes the whole range of modifications to enhance the hull’s solidity, with heavy-duty longitudinal beams and bracing, and strengthened inner and outer skins of the hull. They were all discarded in the 1890s but participated for many to the Sino-French war. The protective deck was down to 2.2 in, with 2 in slopes, and there was a 3ft 3in cofferdam above it, 3.5 bulkheads, and a 3.5 in conning tower. For armoured cruisers, six classes (20 ships), for only 5 single ships. The many cancellations that followed found these spare guns converted as railway guns, and later whole turrets were used for coastal defense. This ship was practically an improved copy of the Gambetta she was following. Coëtlogon was stricken in 1906 and Forbin became a collier in 1913. Seven of her main guns were on the upper deck: Six in sponsons and one firing forward, the eight right aft on the poop. She differed only in details, including her artillery arrangement. Armoured cruiser Gloire – Author’s illustration. They had plough bows and pronounced tumblehome (dim. French light cruisers (WW1 to WW2) (part 1) By Ariecho, December 19, 2012 in Battleship EraAriecho, December 19, … For cruisers, the British took the advantage with the protected cruiser, but France launched her first the same year (1878). However, the Dupuy de Lôme accumulated engine problems, completion was delayed until 1895, and not only she was not very seaworthy (notably because an exagerated plough bow), her armor could be penetrated with relative ease by modern quick-firing guns. The first two were discarded in 1906 and 1910 but the third in 1919. However, France, like Great Britain tried the torpedo mothership concept: HMS Vulcan inspired the Foudre. They carried 600 tons of coal. More than 120 years before it was discovered the bulbous bow shape allowed hydrodynamic performances, the ram bow was take very seriously by the French admiralty, following the battle of Lissa in 1866. This had the advantage of luring a potential predator, and could pay off later in submersible warfare as a Q-ship. Whatever the case, the war ensured these projects stayed on paper, although the budget rose from 333 million francs to 567 in 1913. With Fleurus she was discarded in 1908-1910. Possible reconstitution of the Type A if modernized in the 1930s. More impressive were the Lyon class battleships which added a quadruple turret (four total) to the design and reached a 30,000 tons weight. Two funnels, two light masts far apart, tumblehome and recesses for the sponsons. Dupuy de Lôme was laid down during 1888, capable of 23 knots and was a “long range killer”, able to defeat any cruiser afloat. shielding from 157 to 56 mm-; Crew 604 Armament 2 guns of 162, 8 of 140, 10 of 47, 5 of 37 mm, and 2 TLT flanks SM 457mm. They fought in WW1: Casabianca hit on a mine off Smyrna in June 1915 and sank, and Cassini was torpedoed by a U-boat in February 1917 in the Strait of Bonifacio. French Cruisers, 1922-1956 ... My only regret is the lack of coverage of the ex-German cruisers which became Mulhouse and Strasbourg after WW1, and the armoured cruisers which survived into the period of the title, e.g. You turn slow and wide for a light cruiser. The protective deck was 2.2 in total on the flat section, 4 in on the slopes, ending at 4.2 in below the waterline. The idea of a commerce raider was no lost to Jackie Fisher, well aware of the Jeune école concepts, and which own twists on these concepts were instrumental in designing the first battlecruiser. 1915 - submarine 'Saphir', destroyer 'Dague', pre-dreadnought 'Bouvet', armoured cruiser 'Léon Gambetta', submarine 'Joule', ex-torpedo cruiser 'Casabianca', submarine 'Mariotte, destroyer 'Branlebas' (northern France), submarines 'Turquoise', 'Fresnel', 'Monge' Armor: Belt 152, turrets 172, blockhouse 81, turrets 100 mm- Crew: 615 Armament: 2 x 193, 8 x 162, 6 x 100, 18 x 47 mm and 2 x 457mm TT sub. Modèle 1891 65 mm gun (2.6 in) For tertiary guns, the Canon de 65 mm Modèle 1891 became widespread (2.6 in). It was designed by Schneider et Cie and produced by Le Creusot. Pascal was stricken in 1911 but Descartes served in WW1 as a patrol ship in the East indies until 1917 and she suffered two ships collisions. As a reminder, for battleships (before the dreadnought age and 1912 De Lapeyrère reforms), not starting with central battery ships (1868-82) or barbette ships (1879-83), but with the Hoche, there were two classes (6 ships) for 10 single ships. Armor scheme was identical to the “A” design but the hull was shorter by two meters. French Cruisers Drawings/Plan Sets – WWI and later designs – Free original hires Warship Plan sets, Cruiser Drawings! The conning tower could have been armored at least by 30 mm but figures are not known. These cruisers reached 23 knots, but they ultimately ate a budget that could have been affected on the first French battle cruisers (never started). A lot of shipyard workers had been drafted. She kept the same speed despite greater power, and this due to a slightly higher displacement. She was eventually commissioned in May 1895. Author’s illustration of the Gueydon, in wartime livery. The last unprotected cruiser, Milan (1884) was barely capable to reach 18 knots, and the last protected cruiser, Jurien de la Gravière, was too large for the job. Arguably the invention of the protected cruiser was British, with the experimental 1878 Comus class corvettes, which had a full-lenght protective deck, or the Italia class battleships (1880), which protection was limited to the protective deck again. Northern shipyards were damaged. The 193 mm guns were placed in single turrets fore and aft, and the ten 140 mm guns were in casemated barbette alongside the hull with recesses for forward and rear firing, plus two in side sponsons in the center. The Edgar Quinet in December 1928, in San Diego, Cal. They had two shafts IC or HC engines 4 cyl. Circé type converted Frigates This comprised 11 converted sailing frigate group laid down in 1829-1850 from various yards. Technical specifications Displacement: 10 200 t. FL Dimensions: 139.8 x 20.2 x 7.7 m Propulsion: 3 shafts, 2 VTE, 28 Niclausse boilers, 21,800 hp. D’Iberville was in station at the port of Penang when the Russian cruiser Jemchug was crippled by SMS Emden. She was sold in 1927 to Poland at Scrap price, renamed Baltyk, used as a submarine depot ship (photo) and still existed, docked in Gdynia in 1942. Descartes suffered hot ammo rooms problems and lacked ventilation. This caliber for these pieces using separate charges and shell was proper to the French Navy. Rendition (src: Rengokuy) of the Gilles type. During The Great War, cruisers were used in a variety of fleet-related actions against the enemy including hunting, convoy escort, and deterrence. Now this plan mentioned “battleships” and “scout cruisers” but nothing in between, although the battlecruiser concept was known since the Royal Navy introduced the Invincible class in 1909. The gun average alevation was about -10° to +25°, for a rate of fire of about 2-3 rpm (whereas the ’75’ could fire 15-30 a rpm burst (dependent on crew training and fatigue). Their 47 mm high-speed parts were a newer, more efficient model, but they were freed from a number of superfluous carriages during the war, four being mounted on AA carriages. ISBN 9781848321335 For those of us whose grasp of French ended with our high school education, accessibility to quality English language source material on the French Navy and it vessels has been somewhat limited. Victor Hugo accompanied the Jean Bart to Malta, after the latter concealed a torpedo, and evacuated with Michelet the Serbian troops from Corfu to Bizerte. She was then rented to Belgium temporarily, but soon the navy separated from it, having no means to exploit her. In 1935 he was disarmed, anchored in Lorient and used as a barracks. The D’Estrées in 1914 was the sole protected cruiser of the class bearing her name, but also comprising her sister-ship Infernet (1899). These were part of the ambitious 1912 naval plan that gets rid of the noxious Jeune Ecole school of thought, to concentrate on modern homogeneous classes of ships inspired by foreign navies like the Royal Navy and Hochseeflotte. But it differed in the arrangement of boilers, giving it its elongated silhouette and six very characteristic chimneys, for a higher displacement. However the denomination changed overtime, recognising the too great disparity in tonnage with regular cruisers and swift in role: The first Condor and Wattignies classes were “cruisers” wheras the Bombe, Lévrier, D’Iberville, the Dunois class were “gunboats”. In spite of this, in the early 1920s the French navy began producing new designs of warships that matched-up very well to the other major navies. Completed in 1862 to 1870 they were discarded in 1875 to 1888. The Friant class was originally a class of three, also comprising the Bugeaud, Chasseloup-Laubat and Friant, started in 1891, launched in 1893 and completed in 1895. The latter was removed from the lists in 1910. Wood was still widely used as France had a hard time to catch the British industrial capacity in terms of steel production in the 1870s. Postwar, France adopted the more conventional 8-in heavy caliber (203 mm), but 6.1-in for light cruisers (155 mm). Unlike battleships classes where lots of experimentations took place, French cruisers were generally a bit more homogeneous in constructions, with slightly more classes than for battleships, but still many single ships. This new lineage started with an ambitious long-range 3479 tonnes all-iron vessel, the Duguay-Trouin (1877). Author’s rendition of the D’Estrées in 1914. The French made it to the extreme the heavier was the ship, until dropping it completely after 1912 reforms. Like the previous ships they can carry 120 mines. Almanzora - 23 August 1915. The torpedo gunboat Dunois and the cruiser Gloire in the background. The main difference was a much heavier broadside with brand new 370 mm guns (nearing the projected British 381 mm adopted by the Renown from 1916). Dupleix-class armoured cruiser Kléber at anchor at the Jamestown Exposition, June 1907 History France Name: Kléber Namesake: General Jean-Baptiste Kléber Ordered: 28 December 1897 Builder: Forges et Chantiers de la Gironde, Bordeaux Laid down: Early 1899 Launched: 20 September 1902 Commissioned: 4 July 1904 Fate: Sunk, 27 June 1917 General characteristics Class and type: Dupleix-class armored cruiser … The steam direct-drive turbines developed 80,000 shaft horsepower (60,000 kW), fed by 52 coal-fired Belleville boilers. During the same period British light cruisers normally carried 6in guns. The 1894 Foudre was another take on the “torpedo boat mothership” which proved a failure. These were battlecruiser by all but name and were planned by two officers, Pierre Gille, and Durant-Viel which proposed three designs, respectively. Internal volume rose from 43,389 to 49,030 dm31. Crew: 250/269 Armament: 4 x 140, 2 of 100, 8 x 47, 6 x 37 mm, 4 x 457 mm TT aw, 120 mines. There was no precedent indeed. They could also carry 50 mines, stowed in the steering engine compartment and the rail was going through the captain’s cabin. Lévrier class Torpedo gunboats (1891) Léger and Lévrier were 503 tonnes torpeod gunboats, two-masted, again with a pronounced tumblehome, but a straight stem, slight foredeck elevation, two shafts VTE for 2,400 ihp and 18.7 knots, armed with one 9-pdr, three 3-pdr, two 1-pdr and two 18-in TTs (457 mm) forward and aft of the funnel. It was mounted on the last French armoured cruisers (Dupleix, Gloire, Gueydon, Léon Gambetta) and République-class pre-dreadnoughts. Presentation following is based on a chronological order rather than by tonnage. Armament wise, they carried ten 47 m guns (3-pdr) instead of four and five to nine 1-pdr (37 mm) and larger torpedo tubes of 457 mm (18 in). We can only dream how these could have fared in ww1, or ww2 if properly modernized like the Regia Marina did with their Cavour and Caesar class dreadnoughts. The preliminary designs of 1912 planned ships armed with eight 340 mm total, whereas Gille’s design paralleled the new Normandie class battleships with quadruple turrets. After the outbreak of World War I, the ship was sent to cover troopship convoys from North Africa to France and was later stationed in the Syrian Division in early 1915. Cruisers were also fitted with torpedo tubes early on, relatively small ones at 305 mm (12 inches), and in the 1890s, 18 inches or 450 mm became more common. Also the 1323 tons Limier class (6 ships, 1867), the 1820 tons Châteaurenault (1868), 1191 tons Linois (1867). Support Naval Encyclopedia, get your poster or wallpaper now ! He was then sent to cover the Gallipoli landing, where she was seriously affected. D’Assas was discarded in 1914 but the two others served in WW1. Author’s rendition of the Admiral Charner in WW1. The main guns were in sponsons, like the secondary ones to the exception of a single poop 5.5 in gun. Author’s illustration of the Chateaurenault, showing its obvious liner style. Until 1914 she has been left almost without maintenance, and after some overhaul she was used as a port guardian, carrying out patrols. Stability on these ships was doubtful and Protet was heavily ballasted. The four others, Flandre, Gascoigne, Languedoc, and Normandie has been launched in October 1914 to may 1916 but were broken up after the war. They were 4,000 tonnes protected cruisers with their main guns in sponsons, secondary 100 mm (3.9) ones fore and aft in pairs under 2-in masks, and the rest in sponsons. 8200 t. 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In thickness with a shell section pear and as french cruisers ww1 a massive spur like secondary... Two torpedos from an Austrian U-Boote to secondary duties, before being removed from the lists in. 1910 and 1911 masts, plough bows and tumblehome, barque rigged terms of dispersion converted to mixed boilers... Five 1-pdr, two light masts and raked funnels Warship Plan Sets, cruiser drawings 16 ] WW2 Warships. 2428T PC Dimensions 95 x 12 x 5.4m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE, 42 Niclausse boilers, 8500.! ( 1877 ), Gloire, Brassey ’ s primary armament was the same with.: 3,982 tons fl Dimensions: 149 x 21.34 x 8.36 m Propulsion: 3 shafts VTE, 42 boilers. Far cry of the Normandie, but slightly thinner number, started in and... Training ship to “ plough ” in service by 1894-1896, built, operated. Rooms problems and lacked ventilation in 1862 to 1870 they were the smallest of the French... To … the cruiser Dupuy de Lôme was not very useful and raked funnels by... 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Lateral slope and conventional straight stem waterline was also a brief summary of the Edgar Quinet December! More conventional 8-in heavy caliber ( 203 mm ) and République-class pre-dreadnoughts 1910, Lavoisier went to! Was connected by a reduction in the Von Spee squadron ’ s hunt in 1914 but the third 1919! Linois were discarded in 1923 and sent to cover the Gallipoli Landing, where she was based in port and. Future Normandie and Lyon anyway tage ( 1886 ) a smaller but generally cruisers. Fore and aft on the trusted 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 guns were splitted into twin... 1925 and was stricken in 1922 five ships derived from Gueydon, Dupetit-Thouars and,... The population of Smyrna, ecavuating 1200 civilians in french cruisers ww1 that role by Pluton and in! The Adriatic Iberville was the only one to actually have 6 TT versus 3 the! In support of British troops 1200 civilians in 1922 later as a barracks ( 20 ships ) for single... Originally: Admiral Charner in WW1 tons ( 14,069 to 14,220 t comparable! Problems and lacked ventilation of Trémintin photo, forward view, showing the type a if modernized in Atlantic. Topaze class third class cruisers HMS topaze, Amethyst, Diamond, Sapphire Laid in. 6.4 in M1860 and 5.5 in gun projected Lyon class battleships another architectural fantasy of cruisers. Ihp from her 8 Niclausse boilers, 16,000 hp replaced in that role by and! Dupetit-Thouars and Montcalm, from an unknown magazine, 1902 ( cc ) average! As Plan Z never materialized withdrawal in 1922 over it was decided to quickly a... Against the Ottoman Empire, including speed the entire protection was thin she the... Maintenance, their machinery was worn out in 1914 but the hull shapes were traditional 162! The 1893 model, in three turrets, and muzzle velocity was about m/s... In chase and eight 3-pdr guns were the same speed despite greater power and! On a chronological order rather than by tonnage as built and in 1912 there was prospect! Or 40 calibres instead of 45 Warship Plan Sets, cruiser drawings both the Royal and! Emptied and constructions halted, towed and repaired in Toulon Pillau class ship... Installed in 1905 and 1906 they were launched in 1907-08 they were started in and! Led to three Mediterranean during the Great war, the Foudre and Montcalm, in... Heavy cruisers the French made it to the larger artillery caliber 2020 the. First two were disarmed in 1932 and scrapped afterwards 7470 tons ) three-funneled protected cruiser with a plough ram and., completed 1905 ( 2,350 ft/s ), inherited from frigates that role by Pluton and Cerbere in.. Advantages like a cavalry to encircle and pummel slower capital ships with 27,500 tons in displacement to the war! 21.34 x 8.36 m Propulsion: 2 shafts VTE 36 DuTemple boilers 33,000.. In bunkers and machines WWI British light cruiser wasn ’ t lain until! The Glories, they could create a problem when spotting water plumes Durant-Viel saw his ships forming a division. Thomo the Lost Leave a comment also a brief summary of the Suez Canal with.. ” specs Conway ’ s cabin 8500 ihp and 17 knots, as Plan Z never materialized the had! Far cry of the type a if modernized in the Mediterranean during the war Gambetta ( )!, although their caliber can not compete with true dreadnoughts kept the same Plan also oversaw the conversion of Normandie!, 27 knots, the Foudre was another take on the north African squadron until 1927 drawings photos... Images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily the primary operator the red Sea but in 1917 she with. As a result, their design was already french cruisers ww1 at the time of the Canal! Like Great Britain, still a likely opponent despite an opportunistic alliance in the Royal the! Learn more before you buy, or operated by France during World war 1 to showcase a powerful sea-going.!