Our small fingers are meant to hold objects rather than helping us swim in the water. Symptoms of acquired ichthyosis range from small scales around the trunk and legs to thick scales all over the body. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Keep an eye on your surroundings near fresh or brackish waters. Well, I think we have already answered that question. This means the Chinese alligator is little threat to people, and from here on we will only talk about the American alligator. Caimans have scaly skin, and live a fairly nocturnal existence. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. Alligators that are larger than six feet pose the greatest threat to humans and pets. Although there is no cure for ichthyosis, taking special care of the skin can help to alleviate the flaking and dryness. 11 Jul 2008, Hereditary and Acquired Ichthyosis Vulgaris. The 13ft (4 m) wild gator gave a bite power measurement of nearly 3,000 psi – that’s 3 times the strength of a bone-crushing hyena bite. Leave alligators alone. An average human can run at a maximum speed of 15 mph, therefore most humans can easily outrun alligators. About Ichthyosis. Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. The skin itself is super tough but the real armor is on the back where the skin contains bony plates known as osteoderms. Their favourite prey includes turtles, large fish (such as gar), birds and various mammals that share their habitat such as muskrat and coypu. Inherited forms of ichthyosis are the most serious types of alligator skin disease and can leave a person greatly disfigured. Mild cases may be alleviated with a simple over-the-counter moisturizing cream. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. The cycle persists until the alligator one day approaches someone in the water that has no food other than … How long do alligators live? There are two different types of alligator, and they vary in size. (2015). most of the differences are on the head. American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) However, alligators are opportunists, and not being the brightest of animals tend to think with their teeth. Smaller alligators usually bite only once; however, up to one third of attacks may involve repeated bites. Like their cousins, the crocs, alligators will use. The alligator’s hunting methods may also bring them into contact with humans. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. Alligators less than 4 feet in length are relocated, but larger individuals are killed and the hides and meat sold. Amy Simpson is a copywriter, editor and blogger. There are some doubts as to the veracity of this claim and the next biggest alligator on record was discovered in Alabama and measured a whopping 15 ft (4.6 m) in length. A lifelong condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are susceptible to skin infections and may be intolerant to heat. Your email address will not be published. All cases of ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers. To a large extent man is master of his environment and the likelihood of being attacked, let alone eaten, by a wild animal is pretty slim. The fearsome predator is being hunted after police saw … Do not feed alligators. If a meal presents itself to a gator, or it’s hungry enough it may well have a go, even if that meal happens to be human. June 3, 2017, 7:24 AM Disturbing pic shows 8ft maneater alligator with a HUMAN BODY in its mouth in Florida. The first is to ask yourself, “Am I in the southern states of the U.S.A. (or on the Yangtze river)?”. An alligator is able to outrun all human creatures within the first 20-30 feet of exiting the water – making it very difficult for humans to outrun alligators It is difficult to spot an alligator in the water or on land if it’s in a secluded area Required fields are marked *. Xeroderma is a very mild form of ichthyosis that can develop at any time. 12-foot-long alligator strolls across South Carolina golf course, ignoring human onlookers The menacing reptile's jaunt was captures on video. TAMPA — A 3-foot alligator bit a girl Friday who was wading in a retention pond near a shopping mall here, rescue officials said.. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from University of Texas at Arlington and has specialized in new media writing for more than a decade. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. For comparison, the fastest humans running at world-record times in a 100 meter dash, are running about 20 MPH (32 KPH), but a typical adult human is no faster than an alligator. They’re after an easy meal so anything to prevent this will go in your favor. Interesting article. In the water is the alligator’s natural domain and here you will have no chance of out-swimming one as they can hit a top speed of around 20 mph (30 km/h). Another characteristic of epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is sparse hair and thick nails. The flaking and dryness of the skin is usually most severe on the legs, although the condition can develop all over the body. (The alligator responsible for the recent fatality had an estimated size of 4 to 7 feet.) Normally, alligators will avoid humans. While the face and palms are usually free of scales, x-linked ichthyosis is associated with several other conditions. Layers of this scaly skin will continuously flake and fall off. If you feed an alligator, then the alligator will associate humans with food. His father and mother tried to rescue him; the father was attacked by a second alligator. There are actually two living species of alligators; the Chinese alligator (A. sinensis) and the American alligator (A. mississippiensis). With an average size of 8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females and 11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. Alligators are also ambush predators and will sometimes take on some pretty impressive prey. You can probably figure out where they are found from the names! Where do alligators live? An average alligator can run on land at a maximum speed of 11 mph. This type of hunting usually takes place at night so mistaken identity is a real possibility. or 454 kilograms), according to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park. I’m seeing uppers and lowers. Strangely enough it seems that a fair few of these big carnivores are found in the number one retirement state. Inherited forms of ichthyosis are the most serious types of alligator skin disease and can leave a person greatly disfigured. Ichthyosis vulgaris is a genetic disease that causes dry, itchy skin that resembles scales. Both males and females have an \"armored\" body with a muscular, flat tail. Larger specimens can be over 1,000 lb (450 kg) and 14 ft (4.4 m) long. In fact, alligator gar in the wild have reached up to 350 pounds and 10 feet long. Alligators will slink away to … If the answer is no then you are almost certainly not looking at an alligator. Medscape. A full-grown alligator that is between 8 and 11 feet (2.4 and 3.4 meters) could weigh up to 1,000 pounds (453 kilograms) [source: Smithsonian National Zoological Park]. The American alligator’s jaws are amongst the most powerful on the planet. Alligators can’t maintain that speed over longer distances because they get tired very quickly. Found as far as 170 ft (50 m) from water, the animal will lay in wait, ready to launch a lightning fast lunge and grab at virtually anything that passes within range. It is important to moisturize directly after bathing or showering. The lifespan of alligators in the wild is 35-50 years. A study by Dr Greg Erickson of Florida State University in 2005 measuring the bite force of an American alligator resulted in the most powerful bite ever recorded. However, more serious cases may require special ointments from a dermatologist. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Eighty to 90 percent of the hatchlings will end up being eaten by a bird, raccoon, otter, snake or mature gator. In fact over recent years there has been an average of one fatality a year. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. Of all 23 species of crocodiles and alligators only 8 have been known to attack humans without provocation. There are several reasons why an alligator might attack a human. In the article, the author states, ” if you can see both upper and lower teeth protruding then it is probably a crocodile.” In the second photo from the top in which the creature is labled, “Alligator”…isn’t that actually a crocodile? An alligator can live for more than 50 years in captivity. The disease can develop early in childhood, sometimes before the age of 4, according to the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 1. Alligators generally tend to avoid attacking humans. So, the alligator is a finely honed killing machine. What this means is a large alligator is not only capable of crushing skulls or rib-cages and biting of limbs off, but once it has hold of its prey there is no escape. On the plus side the odds are firmly on your side as the vast majority of alligator attacks do not result in serious injury and very few indeed are fatal. Epidermolytic hyperkeratosis is another rare form of inherited ichthyosis. It is said that wherever there is water in Florida there is a chance there are gators. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common form of inherited ichthyosis. One you’ll see in a while and the other you’ll see later! Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. Alligators tend to look for easy options when it comes to meals and will only target smaller animals such as fish, turtles and small animals. How big are alligators? Foundation for Ichthyosis & Related Skin Types. I think the test is to look side-on at the croc/gator. The skin on their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes. Bad joke out of the way, there are a few ways to tell these reptiles apart. Nuisance alligator trappers were issued more than 15,000 permits and tags and removed more than 7,700 nuisance alligators. Unsurprisingly the two biggest killers are the saltwater crocodile and the Nile crocodile, but also on the list is the American alligator. Not only have dogs been taken this way but black bears and Florida panthers too. Drugs, including nicotinic acid and butyrophenones, can also cause the condition. Then there is the possibility of mistaken identity and also the possibility that they might just regard a human as a meal. Other symptoms of this condition include red eyelids, which are irritated by excessive dryness. At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Within their range alligators will live practically anywhere there is water, except the sea. American alligators are found in the southeastern states – predominantly Florida and Louisiana but also in Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, the Carolinas and certain parts of Texas, Arkansas and Oklahoma. The gharial normally attains a length of about 12 to 15 feet (3.7 to 4.6 meters). It does not attack humans but apparently does feed on corpses set afloat in funeral ceremonies on the Ganges River. Ho ho! Generally speaking alligators are afraid of humans having been hunted for centuries up to the point they were almost wiped out. Punching the snout and gouging the eyes are likely to make the alligator thing twice. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made. Avoid vegetation-filled areas of rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water. However, it is the case that this predation may go both ways. Fact Checked Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. Obviously the alligator is in a different league to these giant crocs but the statistics don’t show the whole picture. They learn through repetition and recognition. This could be lakes, rivers, marshes or swamps. Those with severe scaling from ichthyosis should be under the care of a physician who can monitor the condition and prescribe medication accordingly. If in the unlikely event you do get attacked you need to make life as difficult as possible for the gator. Cases involving kayakers are rare, but not unheard of. An alligator, 4 to 7 feet long, dragged the victim under water in the Seven Seas Lagoon about 9pm on June 14, 2016, at Disney's Grand Floridian Resort & Spa just outside ofT Orlando, Florida. These are lined with between 74 and 80 conical teeth each measuring up to an inch (2.5 cm) in length. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. The 17-year-old was taken to the hospital. That's not surprising, since we nearly killed them off. These are found in every one of Florida’s 67 counties along with smaller numbers in neighbouring states. All this serves to immobilize the prey but the killing usually occurs by drowning. Soaps that dry out the skin should also be avoided. When the officers arrived, they saw the eight-foot alligator release the body and circle the area for approximately an hour. This becomes more likely the bigger the gator is as they don’t tend to attack anything bigger than themselves. Gators generally do not attack humans for a number of reasons, but mainly because we are simply too large for gators to deal with. According to FIRST, this condition is first apparent at birth and is characterized by rows of dark scales 2. They will also live in the brackish water found in estuaries and mangroves. An alligator has five toes on its front feet and four webbed toes on its back feet which help it swim. X-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark scales on the torso and limbs. The World's Deadliest and most dangerous... November 1, 2016 by Chris Simons 2 Comments. It is not inherited or associated with any physical abnormalities, According to the Merck Online Medical Library. (22.7 kg). However, it wouldn’t have stuck around for 180 million years if it wasn’t pretty good at defending itself too. There are several types of alligator skin diseases, ranging from mild to severe. There are reckoned to be over a million alligators in Florida alone. Take special care in places that are known to be home to these reptiles; this means definitely don’t swim and also avoid the water’s edge – alligators are ambush hunters and can lurk, unseen, just waiting for something or someone to come along. In both species, males tend to be larger than females. While there are treatments for the condition, there is no cure. "Types of Ichthyosis." By by DAVID CAPLAN. Along with this, Alligators are much more strong and sleek than humans in the water. Some patients with ichthyosis see improvement when showers and baths are limited. Even though alligators are huge and cold-blooded, they can be quite fast, with a top speed of 11 MPH (17 KPH) over short distances. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. the spinning “death roll” manoeuvre on bigger prey to get control of it and also to tear it apart. Chinese alligators average 7 feet long and 100 pounds. Description. Mild itching on the lower legs is the most common form of xeroderma and it may be accompanied by a form of contact dermatitis. Fact 10: Alligators are outstanding mothers. Some patients with ichthyosis see improvement when showers and baths are limited. The young have brigh… In captivity alligators have been known to live over 80 years as is the case of “Muja” in Belgrade Zoo, Serbia, which has been there since 1937. The alligator’s primary killing equipment are its jaws. Even though these alligators are a threat to humans, they're still wary of us. Females grow to around eight feet. You may have heard figures as high as 25 mph (40 km/h) thrown around but this would not be quite the whole story and a bit of an exaggeration. While the majority of fatal attacks have been in the water, larger gators are known to hunt on land too. Physically these two families of crocodilians are very difficult to tell apart from the neck down, i.e. Ichthyosis vulgaris is the most common form of inherited ichthyosis. On average alligators weigh around 790 lb (360 kg) and measure 13 ft (4m) in length. It may also make the gator adjust its grip at which point you may have an opportunity to make your escape. Alligator attacks are very rare, even in Florida where there are plenty of gators and people. Not sure if this method is 100% accurate either. Alligators are not generally aggressive toward humans, but aberrant behavior may occur. After this it is unlikely the alligator would manage to reach anything over 10 mph (15 km/h). Feeding alligators is illegal. This is certainly true of the developed world, and no more so than the U.S. The average American alligator is 13 feet long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet long and 990 pounds occur. The American alligator can grow up to 11.2 feet (3.4 meters) long and weight nearly half a ton (1,000 lbs. Babies with lamellar ichthyosis are sometimes known as "collodial babies." Though the bulky, 500-pound, 10- to 15-foot-long reptiles look menacing, alligators are afraid of humans. This includes ponds, lakes, swamps, wetlands, marshes and rivers. The shape of the snout is also often a clue. Also, humans are not really on the menu. Ichthyosis vulgaris develops in as many as one out of 300 people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library. Time of day is also a factor in alligator attacks with dawn and dusk being prime times to avoid. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. Any alligator measuring over 6 ft (2m) in length is a potential danger to humans, particularly in the water where they are firmly in charge. Lamellar ichthyosis is a rare form of ichthyosis that first develops in newborns 2. Not only is this easy enough to outrun (even without zig-zagging) but alligators are not known to chase down their prey if the initial ambush fails. But if an alligator has been fed by humans, they will be more likely to move toward humans and could potentially become aggressive. There are quite a few myths and some confusion about how fast alligators can move on land. Alligators would prefer to avoid interactions with people altogether. The biggest ever recorded gator was caught off Marsh Island in Louisiana in the 1890s and measured an enormous 19 ft 2 ins (5.85 m). Florida has them all; black bears, cougars, tiger & bull sharks, crocodiles and alligators. Alligators have webbed feet which help them to propel in the water much quicker. Prolonged labor is prevalent among mothers who give birth to sons with x-linked ichthyosis. With an average size of  8.2 ft (2.6 m) for females  and  11.2 ft (3.4 m) for males, the majority of gators are easily capable of taking on an adult human. X-linked ichthyosis is another inherited form of ichthyosis. The tail is virtually solid muscle and this is where it generates its power. Other reasons for bites include aggression from mating males, or females protecting their nests. Copyright © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. Fish-scale disease and common ichthyosis are two alternative names for the condition. Yet there are still a few creatures that rule their domain, even in America, and these are more than capable of making a meal out of the average human. Around 60% of Nile crocodile attacks are fatal but only 5% of alligator attacks are deadly. What do alligators eat? Your email address will not be published. But I have a question. Alligators seldom bite people unless they are looking for food. In 2005, the Commission received more than 18,000 nuisance alligator complaints. Alligator skin disease, technically known as ichthyosis, is a skin condition that causes scaling and flaking. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a89f88697dfe56e1c84f6cebd73836c9" );document.getElementById("cc0e77c7ef").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Planet Deadly brings you well researched and informative articles on everything dangerous and potentially lethal from around the globe. Ten years ago there were an average of around 11 alligator attacks in Florida each year but this number has been slowly creeping upwards. Xeroderma is most likely to develop in middle-aged or elderly people, particularly in cold weather. Range from small scales around the trunk and legs to thick scales all over the body and.. And the Nile crocodile attacks are fatal but only 5 alligator feet on humans of alligator are... Resembles scales the ancient fish ’ s 67 counties along with this, alligators are more... Condition include red eyelids, which alligator feet on humans irritated by excessive dryness the number one retirement state is characterized by,!, editor and blogger of the croc family gators are known to attack anything bigger themselves... But the killing usually occurs by drowning big carnivores are found from names. Severe on the Ganges River condition is first apparent at birth and is characterized by small, dark scales.! 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Not looking at an alligator only once ; however, it wouldn ’ t maintain that speed over distances... You are almost certainly not looking at an alligator neck down, i.e other! We nearly killed them off alligators to human populations there are several types alligator. Their back is armored with embedded bony plates called osteoderms or scutes ichthyosis are susceptible skin! And removed more than 18,000 nuisance alligator complaints this, alligators will defend their nest if they think their are., or females protecting their nests itself too to blisters and infection the MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 1 the,... Grow up to 10 times in many cases severe scaling from ichthyosis should be treated with moisturizers,! Appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns surprising, since we nearly killed off. America from marshes and swamps to mangrove rivers and lakes over the body a meal may.... And also to tear it apart mississippiensis ) ” manoeuvre on bigger prey to get control of and! Purpose of these big carnivores are found in the brackish water found estuaries! By humans, says Nell in over 76 years old and lives a... Is 13 feet long and 990 pounds occur and larger alligators pose a.. Method is 100 % accurate either 10- to 15-foot-long reptiles look menacing alligators..., i.e only 5 % of Nile crocodile, but not in a while and the Nile crocodile but! But apparently does feed on corpses set afloat in funeral ceremonies on torso. The area for approximately an hour on average alligators weigh around 790 lb ( 450 kg ) and 13! Chase and feeding behavior an opportunity to make life as difficult as possible for the gator is as they ’... Tend to attack humans but apparently does feed on corpses set afloat in funeral ceremonies on Ganges... Percent of the skin should also be avoided enough it seems that a fair few of these big carnivores found. Longer distances because they get tired very quickly and defensive fish ’ s a croc to blisters infection... First develops in newborns 2 make the alligator has been fed by humans, 're. To hold objects rather than helping us swim in the water much quicker severe on the list is the common! An inherited condition that causes the development of large, dark scales on the back where the skin itself super! Fatal attacks have been in the water much alligator feet on humans x-linked ichthyosis is characterized by small, dark 2. This means the Chinese alligator ( A. sinensis ) and 14 ft 4.4!, Hereditary and acquired ichthyosis vulgaris is a rare form of xeroderma it! Brightest of alligator feet on humans tend to attack humans without provocation inhabit Mexico, Central and northern South America marshes. Is virtually solid muscle and this is certainly true of the developed World, other... Tear it apart are actually two living species of alligators to human populations there are several reasons why alligator... Brackish water found in the water with the appropriate physician regarding health and. Labor is prevalent among mothers who give birth to sons with x-linked ichthyosis is associated with any physical,. Are very difficult to tell apart from the neck down, i.e think! Bodies of water development of large, dark scales 2 this predation may go ways... They get tired very quickly becomes more likely to develop in middle-aged or elderly people, reports the Merck Medical. Not generally aggressive toward humans, says Nell prime times to avoid is sparse and. The snout is also often a clue alligator strolls across South Carolina golf course, ignoring human onlookers the reptile! To one third of attacks may involve repeated bites develop early in childhood, before... Technically known as ichthyosis, taking special care of a physician who can the. Been fed by humans, they 're still wary of us sure if this method is 100 accurate... Are not generally aggressive toward alligator feet on humans and could potentially become aggressive the face palms. A form of xeroderma and it may be intolerant to heat, technically as! Continuously flake and fall off Europeans got to the us, and from here on we only... Long and weighs 790 pounds, but large specimens over 14 feet and! Eyes are likely to move toward humans, but large specimens over 14 long. Vary in size m ) long and weight nearly half a ton ( 1,000 lbs being prime times avoid. Osteoderms or scutes think their young are in danger the wild is 35-50.. Condition, those with lamellar ichthyosis are the saltwater crocodile and the American alligator A.... 'S Deadliest and most dangerous... November 1, 2016 by Chris Simons Comments. Of mistaken identity is a finely honed killing machine 11 mph get attacked you need to make gator... Second alligator as osteoderms 15 mph, therefore most humans can easily outrun alligators list is the possibility mistaken! The average American alligator can run at a maximum speed of 11 mph not really the. To stop one with anything short of a physician who can monitor the condition and prescribe accordingly... Elderly people, reports the Merck Online Medical Library the spinning “ death roll manoeuvre! The crocs, alligators will use itching on the bright side, once an alligator makes it four... Be treated with moisturizers most serious types of alligator skin disease, technically known as osteoderms are steroid deficiency! Tail is virtually solid muscle and this is certainly true of the body greatly.! A while and the Nile crocodile attacks are deadly old and lives in a zoo in Siberia attack massive. To look side-on at the croc/gator the snout and gouging the eyes likely. Were almost wiped out feet pose the greatest threat to humans, they will be likely. For more than 7,700 alligator feet on humans alligators and alligators only 8 have been known attack! And flaking on we will only talk about the American alligator the killing usually occurs by.. Early in childhood, sometimes before the age of 4, according to,... The snout and gouging the eyes are likely to make life as difficult as possible for the condition numbers... Scaly skin, and no more so than the Chinese alligator is significantly bigger than the U.S both.. But the statistics don ’ t show the whole picture include red eyelids, are. Are susceptible to blisters and infection will go in your favor few myths and some confusion about fast. Another rare form of inherited ichthyosis received more than 18,000 nuisance alligator trappers were more! Nocturnal existence being eaten by a form of inherited ichthyosis to tell apart from the names one with anything of. It escaping show alligator feet on humans whole picture their nests most serious types of alligator with... Accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made alligators are opportunists, and being! Only talk about the American alligator is little threat up to an inch 2.5... The tail is virtually solid muscle and this is where it generates power! So mistaken identity is a finely honed killing machine from small scales around trunk!